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Louisville’s English Roots (Louisville Historian, Fall 2012)

by BSolek,

Many of the English residents came from those parts of England that were coal mining areas and industrial towns and cities, including those in the counties of Durham, Cumbria, and Northumberland

in the north of England, Lancashire, as well as the West Midlands. Their family names were Dixon, Thirlaway, Wardle, Kimber, Barker, Lawrence, Smith, Carlton, Ashburn, Mitchell, Liddle, Nixon, Bowes, Harris, Carveth, Dalby, Thomas, Duffy, Atkin, Simpson, Palmer, Hilton, and many others.

The areas of County Durham that many Louisville families came from included Wingate, Deaf Hill, and “the Trimdons,” which were made up of original Trimdon, Trimdon Grange, Trimdon Colliery, and Trimdon Station. These mining villages were, and are, located within a few miles of one another. (In 1901, according to one source, the population of the Trimdons came to about 5000 people, or about one quarter of Louisville’s population today.) Due to massive growth in the coal mining industry in the 1800s in County Durham, this area saw tremendous jumps in population, an occurrence that led to deteriorating living conditions and the exodus of some of its residents. This area of County Durham was dotted with collieries, which is a reference

to coal mines and their associated buildings. The characteristic housing consisted of colliery row houses, made of brick and attached to one another in a long row, in which a family would have had one downstairs kitchen/bedroom and one garret bedroom accessed with a ladder or steep stairs. This housing was generally owned by the mine companies.

Three different families who immigrated to Louisville, Colorado came from not just Trimdon Colliery, but from a specific street in Trimdon Colliery called “Coffee Pot Row.” Census records from 1881 and 1891 (available for viewing on Ancestry.com) specifically document the Barker, Dixon, and Wardle/Kimber families and their homes living on this street.

Many specific stories about English families/people in this edition of Louisville Historian.....

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